The Uganda Vision 2040 Spatial Framework is a layout projecting infrastructural and institutional developments over the long-term. The Framework was prepared to ensure the main spatial development elements synergistically, cost effectively and efficiently contribute to the attainment of the Country’s long term socio-economic development goals. The rationale for the Spatial Framework is as follows:
1 The Standard Gauge Railway, which will connect regional capitals, Addis Ababa, Juba, Kigali, Kampala and Nairobi to the sea at Djibouti and Mombasa, is the main determinant of the pattern of regional infrastructure.
2 The infrastructure defines corridors, based on the new electric powered railway (130m wide), international expressways and 400KV electricity transmission network and fibre network.
3 The location of existing and new power sources which are coming on stream, define “production zones” on the corridors and provide the low cost power and transport which will make Ugandan industry globally competitive.
4 Production zones provide well designed, serviced sites for agro-processing for specific crop clusters, manufacturing based on processing of minerals, oil and gas from the region, and outsourcing of manufacturing from more advanced economies.
5 Towns and cities which are already in the corridor, some of which are already becoming conjoined (for example Kampala, Jinja) grow by in-migration into well-planned, high density urban corridors related to production zones.
6 National parks, forests, agricultural areas and related towns which are off the corridors develop as high quality and high value environments for agriculture, leisure and ICT-based economies.
7 Conservation and environmental protection areas are extended within the above ‘off-corridor” locations; strong measures are taken where corridors pass through environmentally sensitive areas (e.g. in the Albertine Graben).